Fake News –Susceptibility and Dissemination Factors

Matilde de Vilhena • Samuel Moreira • Inês Sousa Guedes


Fake News • Susceptibility
 • Dissemination


By mimicking journalistic formats and blending real facts with fabricated ones, with the deliberate intention of deceiving, fake news affects trust in the media and harms democratic debate. Thus, identifying the characteristics of fake news, how they differ from true news, and their dissemination enables the informing of policies on digital and media literacy. This article represents a review of the literature in this domain. Initially, it presents a clarification of the main concepts, then discusses the determinants of susceptibility and dissemination of fake news most addressed by the scientific community, namely individual, social, and contextual factors